A Tooth Assembly for Bucket Teeth of Engineering Construction Machine

A Tooth Assembly for Bucket Teeth of Engineering Construction Machine

A Tooth Assembly for Bucket Teeth of Engineering Construction Machine

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Field of Invention
[0001]
The invention relates to a replacement and urging device for the bucket teeth of an engineering construction machine and, in particular, to a replacement and urging device for the bucket teeth of an engineering construction machine that fixes the bucket teeth on the adaptor of a bucket to prevent the bucket teeth from hitting the adaptor repeatedly.
Related Art
[0002]
FIG. 14 shows a conventional excavator bucket tooth structure. A bucket is formed with several equally spaced bucket teeth 9. Each of the bucket teeth 9 includes a adaptor 90 and a bucket teeth 91. The adaptor 90 has a horizontal first through hole 901. The bucket teeth 91 is mounted on the adaptor 90. Both sides of the bucket teeth have respectively a second through hole 911 corresponding to the first through hole 901 of the adaptor 90. A hammer 93 hits a pin 92 from the second through hole 911 on one side of the bucket teeth 91 into the first through hole 901. A C-shaped buckle 902 positions the pin 92 in the first through hole 901. Both ends of the pin 92 protrude from the second through holes 911, restricting and positioning the bucket teeth 91 on the adaptor 90.
[0003]
The above-mentioned conventional excavator bucket tooth structure has the following problems:
[0004]
1. As seen in FIGS. 15 and 16, the spacing between the bucket teeth 9 of the bucket is limited. When the pin 92 is hit into the predetermined position of the first through hole 901, there is no sufficient hitting distance and appropriate hitting angle. Therefore, the hammer has to be disposed inside a tiny space for hitting. Only after the pin 92 penetrates via the second through hole 911 into an appropriate depth of the first through hole 901 can the user hold the hammer 93 at an angle and further hit the pin 92 with the help of an auxiliary hitting rod. The pin 92 is then completely disposed and positioned between the first through hole 901 and the second through holes 911 of the adaptor 90 and the bucket teeth 91. In this case, the local structure of the pin 92 may be deformed or the entire structure is curved because of the hitting. This causes troubles in replacing the bucket teeth 9 in the future.
[0005]
2. When the bucket performs a digging process, objects inevitably get into the gap between the pin 92 and the first through hole 901 and the second through holes 911. If the object is a pebble or metal block, it may lock the pin 92 in the through holes 901, 911. If the object is mud, then it may clog the pin 92 in the through holes 901, 911. Therefore, when taking the pin 92 off of the through holes 901, 911, one has to remove those objects first. In the worst case, one has to destroy the bucket teeth 9 (e.g., cutting the bucket teeth 9 using a hydrogen flare).
[0006]
3. FIG. 17 is a schematic view of taking off the pin 92. A tube 95 goes through the first through hole 901 of the adaptor 90 on the outermost side. One end of the tube 95 urges against the pin 92 to be taken off. The user then uses a hammer 93 to hit so that the pin 92 escapes from the C-shaped buckle 902, departing from the first through hole 901 and the second through holes 911. The reason for doing this is because the space between the bucket teeth 9 is limited. The hitting strength of the hammer 93 has to be such that the pin 92 escapes from the C-shaped buckle 902. This causes inconvenience in replacements. Moreover, when the pin 92 is locked or clogged by objects inside the through holes 901, 911 and the C-shaped buckle 902, it becomes even more difficult.
[0007]
4. Please refer to FIGS. 18 and 19. After the adaptor 90 and the bucket teeth 91 are assembled, there is still a gap A between them. There is also a gap between the second through holes 911 and the pin 92. Therefore, when the bucket teeth 91 urges against the adaptor 90 during a digging process, the two ends of the pin 92 protruding from the first through hole 901 are not directly hit by the bucket teeth 91 because the gap B is larger than the gap A.
[0008]
However, if there is a gap between the adaptor 90 and the bucket teeth 91, it provides a buffer space for the bucket teeth 91 to hit back the adaptor 90, which is likely to deform the colliding parts of them. Besides, the hitting strength is larger for a larger gap, causing more damages to the adaptor 90 and the bucket teeth 91. Moreover, the second through holes 911 of the bucket teeth 91 erode with the pin 92 to become larger. As shown in FIG. 20, when the second through holes 911 of the bucket teeth 91 become larger and the gap A is larger than the gap B because of the constant collisions between the adaptor 90 and the bucket teeth 91, the bucket teeth 91 urges against the pin 92, but not the adaptor 90, during a digging process. Therefore, the pin 92 is constantly hit by the bucket teeth 91 during the digging process. The pin 92 thus often breaks so that the bucket teeth 91 falls off. In addition to causing troubles in digging, the bucket teeth 91 may even hurt somebody if it falls from a high place.
[0009]
To replace the bucket tooth structure of a conventional excavator, one requires about 10 minutes or even half an hour to simply take off the pin 92. The replacement process for the conventional bucket teeth 9 is very inconvenient. Moreover, the conventional bucket teeth 9 are likely to break due to collisions during a digging process. It is therefore the objective of the invention to solve the above-mentioned problems.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
[0010]
An objective of the invention is to solve the above-mentioned problems by providing a replacement and urging device whose bucket teeth can be quickly removed and assembled. It is convenient to replace the bucket teeth on the bucket.
[0011]
Another objective of the invention is to prevent the adaptor and bucket teeth from developing a shifting gap during uses. This prevents the pins from being hit by the bucket teeth and breaking.
[0012]
To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, the invention includes:
[0013]
a adaptor, which has a fixing part fixed on a bucket, an inserting part protruding from the end of the fixing part that is far from the bucket, a first through hole being formed between its two sides and horizontally through the fixing part, a limiting part being disposed at the center of the first through hole;
[0014]
a bucket teeth, which has a slot corresponding to the inserting part on its one end, and has a second through hole of both sides, respectively, each of the second through holes being disposed opposite to each other and in communications with the slot, the bucket teeth being mounted on the inserting part of the adaptor by the slot;
[0015]
an engaging unit, which is disposed between the first through hole of the adaptor and the second through holes of the bucket teeth and slides between them for the bucket teeth to be mounted and positioned on the adaptor.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
[0016]
The invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description given herein below illustration only, and thus is not limitative of the present invention, and wherein:
[0017]
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the disclosed bucket teeth;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction MachineFIG. 2 is an exploded view of the disclosed bucket tooth;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction Machine
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing how the disclosed bucket tooth is taken off;
[0020]
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the assembly of the disclosed bucket tooth;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction MachineFIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the assembled bucket tooth;
[0022]
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the second embodiment of the invention;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction Machine
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the third embodiment of the invention;
[0024]
FIG. 8 is a three-dimensional exploded view of the fourth embodiment of the invention;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction Machine
FIG. 9 shows the initial positioning of the disclosed bucket tooth;
[0026]
FIG. 10 illustrates the collision of the disclosed bucket tooth during a digging process;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction Machine
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of adjusting the stopping posts;
[0028]
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of positioning the disclosed bucket tooth after the adjustment;
[0029]
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view of the fifth embodiment of the invention;
[0030]
FIG. 14 is a three-dimensional exploded view of a conventional bucket tooth;
[0031]
FIG. 15 is a top view of positioning a pin in the conventional bucket tooth;
[0032]
FIG. 16 is a side view of positioning a pin in the conventional bucket tooth;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction Machine
FIG. 17 is a top view of taking off a pin from the conventional bucket tooth;
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction Machine
FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional side view of the conventional bucket tooth;
[0035]
FIG. 19 is a schematic view showing the gap between the adaptor and the bucket teeth of the conventional bucket tooth; and
[0036]
FIG. 20 shows that a pin in the conventional bucket tooth breaks due to collisions.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Bucket Teeth Engineering Construction Machine
The present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description, which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein the same references relate to the same elements.
[0038]
Please refer to FIGS. 1 to 5 for a first embodiment of the invention. This embodiment provides a replacement and urging device for the bucket teeth of an engineering construction machine. It includes: a adaptor 1, a bucket teeth 5, and an engaging unit 7.
[0039]
The adaptor 1 has a fixing part 11. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the adaptor 1 uses its fixing part 11 to hold onto the front edge of a bucket 2. The fixing part 11 is further soldered onto the bucket 2.
[0040]
An inserting part 12 protrudes from one end of the fixing part 11 that is far from the bucket 2. A first through hole 121 is formed between its two sides, horizontally through the fixing part 11. A limiting part 122 is provided at the center of the first through hole 121.
[0041]
One end of the bucket teeth 5 has a slot 51 corresponding to the inserting part 12. Both sides of the bucket teeth 5 have a second through hole 52, respectively. The second through holes 52 are disposed opposite to each other and in communications with the slot 51. The bucket teeth 5 is mounted on the inserting part 12 of the adaptor 1 by the slot 51.
[0042]
The engaging unit 7 is disposed between the first through hole 121 of the adaptor 1 and the second through holes 52 of the bucket teeth 5 and can slide between them. It allows the bucket teeth 5 to mount and position on the bucket teeth 1. In this embodiment, the engaging unit 7 includes two stopping posts 3 and an elastic element 4.
[0043]
The stopping posts 3 are inserted into both ends of the first through hole 121 of the inserting part 12, respectively. One end of each of the stopping posts 3 protrudes from the first through hole 121 and correspondingly into the second through hole 52. In this embodiment, the diameter of the second through holes 52 is smaller than the outer diameter of the stopping posts 3. The two opposite sidewalls of the bucket teeth 5 inside the slot 51 have a notch 53 in communications with the second through holes 52, respectively. The diameter difference between the second through holes 52 and the notch 53 forms a stopping wall 54. Each of the stopping walls 54 stops the corresponding stopping post 3 inside the corresponding notch 53. This prevents the stopping posts from escaping the corresponding second through holes 52.
[0044]
Each of the stopping posts 3 has a groove 32 on one end of inside the first through hole 121. The grooves 32 are disposed facing each other. An elastic element 4 is interposed between the two grooves 32. Both ends of the elastic element 4 are inside the corresponding grooves 32 to urge against the stopping posts 3. The elastic element 4 in this embodiment is an urging spring.
[0045]
Besides, when each of the stopping posts 3 retracts into the first through hole 121, the limiting part 122 inside the first through hole stops so that the two stopping posts slide the same distance therein. The purpose of this is to average the urging force of the elastic element 4 on the two stopping posts 3. Moreover, each of the stopping posts 3 is mounted with at least one stopping ring 31 to prevent alien objects from entering the grooves 32 of the stopping ports 3 via the gap between the stopping posts 3 and the inserting part 12.
[0046]
As described above, during a digging process, the pebbles or metal objects may fall into the gap between the stopping posts 3 and the second through holes 52 of the bucket teeth 5. Therefore, the current embodiment uses the two stopping rings 31 mounted around the stopping posts 3 to stop the alien objects. So no pebbles or metal objects fall into the second through holes 52 of the bucket teeth 5 and the stopping posts 3. The invention thus prevents the stopping posts 3 from locking or jamming the first through holes 121.
[0047]
When the disclosed adaptor 1 and the bucket teeth 5 are assembled, as shown in FIG. 4 to FIG. 5, a holding tool 6 (a C-shaped clamp in the drawings) can be used to press the two stopping posts 3 into the first through hole 121 of the inserting part 12 of the adaptor 1. The slot 51 of the bucket teeth 5 is mounted on the inserting part 12. The part of the stopping posts 3 next to the inner edge of the slot 51 of the bucket teeth 5 first urges against the inner front edge of the slot 51 of the bucket teeth 5. After releasing the holding tool 6, the slot 51 of the bucket teeth 5 is directly mounted onto the inserting part 12 of the adaptor 1. In this case, the two stopping posts 3 correspond to the stopping walls 54 of the second through holes 52 on both sides of the bucket teeth 5. The elastic urging force of the elastic element 4 pushes and goes into the stopping walls 54 of the corresponding second through holes 52, thereby positioning the bucket teeth 5 on the adaptor 1. On the other hand, to take off the bucket teeth 5 from the adaptor 1, one uses the holding tool 6 to first press the two stopping posts 3 into the first through holes 121 of the inserting part via the second through holes 52. Afterwards, the two stopping posts 3 inside the slot 51 urge against the inner edge of the slot 51 of the bucket teeth 5. After releasing the holding tool 6, one can readily remove the bucket teeth 5 from the adaptor 1.
[0048]
From the above description, it is easy to see that the invention has the following advantages:
[0049]
1. When the bucket teeth 5 is to be assembled onto the adaptor 1, one only needs to use a holding tool 6 to press the two stopping posts 3 into the first through hole 121. Afterwards, the bucket teeth 5 is mounted on the adaptor 1 so that the two stopping posts 3 protrude from the second through holes 52. This completes the assembly. Therefore, even if the spacing between adjacent two bucket teeth is very limited, it still does not affect the assembly. The user does not need to hit with much efforts. Therefore, it is timesaving and convenient.
[0050]
2. Since each of the stopping posts 3 is mounted with a stopping ring 31, alien objects can be blocked so that no pebbles or metal objects will fall between the stopping posts 3 and the second through holes 52 of the bucket teeth 5. This ensures that the two stopping posts 3 encounter no resistance while sliding.
[0051]
3. To take the bucket teeth 5 off of the adaptor 1, one only need to press the two stopping posts 3 into the first through hole 21. Therefore, it is fairly easy to take off the bucket teeth 5 for replacement.
[0052]
Of course, the invention has many other embodiments that differ from the current one only in minor bucket teeth. Please refer to FIG. 6 for a second embodiment of the invention. In this embodiment, the elastic element 4A is urethane that also achieves the same urging effect as in the first embodiment.
[0053]
Please refer to FIG. 7 for a third embodiment of the invention. The engaging unit 7 consists of two stopping posts 3A, each of which is a magnet. The facing ends of the two stopping posts 3A in the first through hole 121 are of the same polarity. In this embodiment, the elastic element 4 in the first embodiment is replaced by the magnetic property of the stopping posts 3. Since the stopping posts 3A are made of a metal, they can become magnets through magnetization. As shown in FIG. 7, the end of each of the stopping posts 3A inside the first through hole 121 is the S pole. After the two stopping posts 3A retract into the first through hole 121, they can automatically spring out due to the repulsive force between them. They can also adhere onto the stopping walls 54 and stop at the grooves 53. So they stop between the first through hole 121 of the adaptor 1 and the second through holes 52 of the bucket teeth 5. Therefore, they still achieve the same urging and positioning effects as the elastic element 4 and the stopping posts 3 in the first embodiment.
[0054]
Please refer to FIG. 8 for a fourth embodiment of the invention. The bucket teeth 5 has an inner guiding angle 55 on the side that the second through holes 52 open towards the slot 51. The end of each of the stopping posts 3 protruding from the first through hole 121 has an outer guiding angle 33 towards the fixing part 11. The outer guiding angle 33 attaches the bucket teeth 5 to the inner guiding angle 55 of the second through hole 52. The depth of the outer guiding angle 33 is smaller than the inner guiding angle 55. This keeps a gap so that the adaptor 1 and the bucket teeth 5 do not have collisions.
[0055]
FIG. 9 shows that the outer guiding angle 33 of the two stopping posts 33 initially urges against the inner guiding angle 55 of the bucket teeth 5 when the bucket teeth 5 is mounted on the adaptor 1. As shown in the drawing, the adaptor 1 and the bucket teeth 5 are urged by the two stopping posts 3. Therefore, there is no sliding gap.
[0056]
However, as shown in FIGS. 10 to 12, when the bucket teeth 5 has collisions during a digging process, it retreats towards the adaptor 1 (FIG. 10). In this case, the two stopping posts 3 extend outwards under the push of the elastic element 4 (FIG. 11). The bucket teeth 5 uses its inner guiding angle 55 to urge against the outer guiding angle 33 of the stopping posts 3. The bucket teeth 5 is blocked so that there is still no sliding gap between the adaptor 1 and the bucket teeth 5.
[0057]
Besides, there is a flexible space 8 between the side of the stopping post 3 other than the outer guiding angle 33 and the inner wall of the second through hole 52 of the bucket teeth 5. The flexible space 8 prevents the bucket teeth 5 from directly hitting the stopping posts 3 during the digging process as the outer guiding angle 33 of the stopping posts 3 slide along the inner guiding angle 55 of the bucket teeth 5.
[0058]
Therefore, when there are collisions between the adaptor 1 and the bucket teeth 5 during the digging process, the two stopping posts 3 push outwards. The inner guiding angle 33 attaches to the outer guiding angle 53 to stop the bucket teeth 5. Therefore, there is no sliding gap between the bucket teeth 5 and the adaptor 1. There is then no buffer space for the adaptor 1 and the bucket teeth 5 to hit against each other. This prevents them from damages due to collisions. Also, using the design of the flexible space 8 between the bucket teeth 5 and the stopping posts 3, the bucket teeth 5 does not hit the stopping posts 3 and break them. Therefore, the disclosed bucket teeth have a very safe structure.
[0059]
Please refer to FIG. 13 for a fifth embodiment of the invention. Each of the stopping posts 4 protrudes from one end of the first through hole 121. The other side of the outer guiding angle 33 has another corresponding outer guiding angle 33.
[0060]
Although the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, this description is not meant to be construed in a limiting sense. Various modifications of the disclosed embodiments, as well as alternative embodiments, will be apparent to people skilled in the art. Therefore, it is contemplated that the appended claims will cover all modifications that fall within the true scope of the invention.

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